Splash Spring 2018
Course Catalog


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Arts Engineering
Humanities Math & Computer Science
Science Miscellaneous


Arts

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A204: Learn to Play Ukulele! Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kate Rudolph

Easy to learn! Fun to play! Spread joy and happiness and silliness to all who hear you!

Learn some basic chords, how to make 'em sound good, and launch your ukulele journey with resources for where to learn more!

IMPORTANT: this class will not provide you with a ukulele! Go buy your own and bring it to class, and I'll teach you how to tune and play it! Ukuleles are really inexpensive, you can get one on Amazon for around $30. Example: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01GH5MOYQ/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_apa_ujaYAbRK6W64W Besides, what good is knowing how to play the ukulele if you don't have your own ukulele?


Prerequisites
IMPORTANT: Bring your own ukulele! See link in class description

A189: Intro to Modular Origami Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jacalyn Li

Modular Origami is a technique that uses multiple pieces of paper to make more complex structures.

A175: Introduction to Audio Signal Processing
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Matthew Rice

In this lecture we will explore how to represent sound as a waveform and how we can use computers to manipulate and transform these waves to create our own unique sounds. We will use Pure Data, an open source visual platform, to test and visualize the sounds we are making. Topics include Sinusoids, Audio Visualization, and Additive Synthesis.


Prerequisites
Algebra 2, Trigonometry


Engineering

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E177: Smartphones Replaces PC, Then What Will Replace Smartphones?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Xinyu Zhang

Our digital world has evolved over multiple generations. We have witnessed how smartphones replaced PC to become the dominant personal computing devices. But what will happen after smartphones? In this course, I will introduce some science-fiction quality research that incubates the next-generation mobile devices and Internet-of-Things. Examples include indoor-GPS, battery-free sensors, and wireless communication devices that carry information through laser-like beams.

E211: Iron Man is Soft
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Olivia Dippo, Andy Zhao

Would Iron Man actually make his suit out of iron? Absolutely not. Is Iron Man’s mortal enemy oxygen? Absolutely. We will be diving into the science behind the strongest materials throughout history and what makes them so special. The materials we use to build our battle armor, bridges, and buildings are the often forgotten foundation of our society and history. The Bronze Age began when an ancient materials scientist combined two soft metals, copper and tin, to create an alloy that was stronger and tougher than any material that had ever come before. The Industrial Revolution was made possible by processing iron and carbon together to create STEEL, a real engineering material. We wield steel to construct massive factories, bridges, and skyscrapers that make up the modern world. However, these engineering materials are susceptible to attack from the oxygen in the air we breathe. What power does oxygen have to weaken these strong materials over time, and how can we protect them?

E202: Biotechnology: Intro and Applications Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Eti Sinha

What is the biotechnology industry? What is genetic or protein engineering? How are cancer drugs made? Learn about all of this is this course! (Former intern at Genentech)

E206: Introduction to Digital Logic
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Julian Warchall

Ever wondered how a computer or a calculator or a smartphone works on a fundamental level? Now's your chance to learn!

This class will introduce students to Boolean logic and the basic principles of modern digital electronics design on silicon chips.

E191: Introduction to Robot Localization and Mapping
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Nikolay Atanasov

This course will provide an overview of how autonomous robots perceive the world and use the information to find out their location and build a map of their surroundings.


Humanities

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H188: Creativity - Rewiring Your Brain Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Zoe Li

What do the words "pine", "crab", and "sauce" have in common? They all relate to the word "apple"!

Everyone wants to "be more creative" - but what does that even mean? And is it even possible?

In this class, we will discover what makes an innovative thinker, and how you can apply those skills in your daily life. Come prepared to partake in some fun psychological experiments (aka, play creativity games like the one above!)


Prerequisites
An open mind :)

H205: Joy Practice
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Genevive Bjorn

Learn a few simple techniques that you can use every day to increase your emotional strength, resilience, and happiness.


Prerequisites
Open mind and willingness to reflect on your life

H176: A Brief History of Medicine
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jeff Cohen

What kind of medicine did people take before pills and inhalers? Who discovered germs? When was the first human organ transplant? In this course, we'll answer all of these questions and more as we take a tour through the fascinating development of human medicine--from the ancient Greeks to the modern age and much in between. Along the way, we'll meet some of the "giants" of medicine, learn about major scientific breakthroughs, and of course, learn a little bit about how the body works.

H196: The Plague: Some of history's worst pandemics
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Berenice Jimenez

You may have heard of the Black Death, a disease that ravaged Europe in the 1300s, killing millions. This class will give you chills as some of history's worst plagues are explored, and how we may be at risk for another.


Math & Computer Science

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M187: How to Win Big at Vegas - Game Theory Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Zoe Li

Games are all about chance - but can we stack the odds in our favor?

In this class, we will explore game theory by playing games ourselves. Combining mathematics with psychology, we will learn how we make decisions, as well as how we can use statistics to gain the upper hand.

We can't promise that you'll strike it rich the next time you head to the casinos, but it's a start!

M200: Pattern popularity
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Kate Rudolph

Pattern popularity! Catalan numbers! Bijections! The Left-Subtree-Switching Lemma! Come on a whirlwind tour of combinatorics and learn all about the concepts in this paper:
http://www.combinatorics.org/ojs/index.php/eljc/article/view/v20i1p8


Prerequisites
You've heard of factorials

M174: Analyzing Programs is Not Possible! (or is it?)
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Benjamin Cosman

Some problems aren't just difficult for computers, they're impossible! Starting only with simple assumptions about what computer programs can do, we'll show that you can't reliably detect when a program has an infinite loop. Using that we'll prove Rice's Theorem, a shockingly powerful statement about the impossibility of many problems we might like to solve.

M190: The Pigeonhole Principle
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Matilda Backendal

What do pigeons have to do with mathematics? Who was Dirichlet? And how can they help us find a matching pair of socks during the apocalypse?
Come to this fun and interactive class to find out how a surprisingly intuitive principle can yield some quite stunning results. Practice your logical thinking while learning proof techniques and solving problems. See how mathematics can make complicated questions simple – and simple ones complicated…


Prerequisites
Elementary mathematics.

M201: Sending Secret Messages Full!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Kate Rudolph

How can you encrypt a message so that only the intended recipient can read it? Starting from the secret codes we all used to send each other in elementary school, we'll build up to the foundations of modern cryptography, and learn the math behind how it's possible to keep secrets over the internet.

M214: Unrelated Math
Difficulty: ***

3-5 mini-classes with no unifying theme. Sample topics include:
- How many bears can you run away from forever?
- Why is traffic so bad on your favorite roads?
- How can physics prove the Pythagorean Theorem?

M210: Playing Pokemon with Probability/Statistics
Difficulty: **

Like Pokemon and Math? This class is for you! We'll go over basic probability and statistics for different mechanics in Pokemon and some neat data visualizations you can make using data from the series. Plus, we'll go over risk management in Pokemon Battling. Learn the inner workings of the Pokemon Universe!


Prerequisites
A passion for the world of Pokemon

M178: The Mathematics of Credit Card Security
Difficulty: ***

This course will introduce divisibility, prime numbers, modular arithmetic, format's little theorem, and Euler's theorem. It will then use this background to describe the RSA encryption scheme.

M173: Voting Theory
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Benjamin Cosman

In the voting system you're used to ("Plurality"), we ignore a lot of useful information by only asking voters to pick their favorite candidate. This leads to problems like vote splitting - a candidate that most people hate could win with just 10% of the vote as long as 10 other candidates split the remaining 90%. In this class we will compare the other voting systems that become possible if voters supply their full preferences instead of just their favorite.


Prerequisites
None. This class will have little to offer if you are already familiar with the major systems and criteria from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_electoral_systems#Compliance_of_selected_single-winner_methods


Science

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S209: Movement for Physics Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Adam Burgasser

The language of physics is beautiful, elegant... and sometimes confusing, when it comes to its many complex concepts and mathematics. But physics is about motion, so why not use motion to understand physics? Each class will explore a movement-based practice to explore key physics concepts, such as what an electromagnetic field is and how photons make there way through the Sun through random walks. Deepen your understanding of physics with fun movement exercises!


Prerequisites
Previous or current enrollment in a physics class is recommended but not required. Students will expect to perform movement exercises, and we will work to accommodate students with physical disabilities

S193: Ask a Surgeon about Cancer
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Bard Cosman

Talking about cancer, the family of diseases that is the #2 killer of Americans, means going into many different areas of medicine. To explain how these diseases are managed, we touch on anatomy, physiology, cancer staging, surgical technique, and the interaction between surgery and other medical specialties.

S212: Quantum Tic Tac Toe
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Matthew Du

In the world we are familiar with, you can only be in one place at a time. However, subatomic particles, such as electrons and photons, "live in" the world of quantum mechanics (QM) and have some probability of being anywhere!

In this course, you will get an introduction to QM by playing tic tac toe! You will learn a modified version of the game that will both give you a tour of the physical laws of the QM world and be lots of fun!


Prerequisites
It is helpful if you have taken at least one year of chemistry, or are currently finishing up your first year of chemistry. However, it is not necessary to learn and enjoy quantum tic tac toe!

S182: Videogames, A.I., Information, and the Human Machine
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Niel Bezrookove

What could A.I. and technology tell us about ourselves? What exactly is information? How do we play games and what motivates us to play them? How do videogames reflect our brains and our cultural ideas?

Using Norbert Weiner's work on cybernetics, Wittgenstein, and current cognitive science topics, we will discuss these abstract ideas and try to understand them through the lens of mathematics, philosophy, and cognitive science. We will use the games as tools to see these ideas.

Please note that this class explores human behavior, which includes violence and sexuality. There will be no explicit content, but there will be discussion on how games present these topics and why.

Games discussed:
World of Warcraft
Starcraft 2
League of Legends
America's Army and other "military games"
Team Fortress 2
EVE: Online
Facebook and Twitter
Second Life

Topics covered:
Human machines, information, and AI
What is a "game?"
Game theory, videogames, and feedback systems
Moral issues in games and how they affect the world outside videogames
Games as a way to explore emergent behavior and social organization
Games as a reflection of culture


Prerequisites
an open mind and an interest in philosophy

S192: Ask a Surgeon about Appendicitis
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Bard Cosman

10% of our population gets this disease, traditionally treated surgically. To explain appendicitis, we touch on anatomy, physiology, medical history, surgical technique, and the movable boundary between medicine and surgery.

S194: Ask a Surgeon about Gallstone Disease
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Bard Cosman

Has anyone in your family had her (or his) gallbladder removed? Cholecystectomy (removal of the gallbladder) is the most common major operation done in this country. To explain what this is about, we touch on anatomy, physiology, medical history, surgical technique, and the movable boundary between medicine and surgery.

S207: How Our Brain Gives Us Superpowers
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Emily Pettitt

Here we'll take an expansive journey around the brain together, from micro to macroscopic, exploring all the different aspects of neuroscience. From the molecular view, we'll discover axons firing to create signals. From there we'll zoom back out to a cognitive science approach to see how processes such as emotion and memory are created in our brain (while also working together discover what amazing things our individual brains can do). We'll then continue our journey in order to answer the question: "what can your brain truly do?"

S216: DNA repair- What happens when DNA breaks? Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Elaine Guo, Edison Tse

DNA is essential for life; it's a key building block that encodes the information to make all living things. But what happens when catastrophe strikes, when this key molecule breaks? Will your DNA now code for a lemon? The answer is no- your cells have developed ways to repair DNA.

DNA repair can fix either intentional breaks (one reason for variation between people) or accidental breaks (if left unfixed, they are some of the reasons we get diseases like cancer).

While we know that malfunctions in DNA repair can contribute to cancer, recent medical research has shown that this malfunction can also be a source of vulnerability and a target for cancer therapy.

You'll get a crash course on how cells fix different types of DNA damage and how different DNA repair processes are associated with diseases and therapies.

S199: Women in Science and Engineering
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Pamela Cosman

Social scientists have studied many facets of women's under-representation in science and engineering fields. This class will give a quick tour of some fascinating studies, including women in STEM in the U.S. versus outside of the U.S., different patterns of negotiating and time management between men and women, and gendered patterns of interruptions in conversation and in academic talks. Students will have a better understanding of the issues as well as some practical tools for thriving in STEM fields.


Miscellaneous

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X180: Professional Development Full!
Difficulty: *

Never made a resume before?
Nervous about interviewing for that part time job? That's okay—we're here to help!

Come learn about the basics of professionalism! We'll take you through topics like resume-building, interviewing, networking, and more through our presentation and interactive activities.

The tips and tricks that we'll be teaching can be applicable to any field. So, whether you're interested in business, engineering, medicine, humanities, or arts, we invite you to join us and get started early on establishing these essential skills!


Prerequisites
None! Just an open mind, and come with questions too! :-)

X213: Search and Rescue
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Yuchen Lin

When hikers and mountain climbers go missing or get hurt, how do we find and rescue them? Typical emergency response resources (police, fire, EMS) don't have the training to operate in hazardous alpine environments, so searches in the US are mostly conducted by skilled volunteers.

This class gives a sample of the techniques used in volunteer search and rescue, from human tracking to helicopter short hauls and technical rope systems.

X195: Paying for College: Learn about financial aid and scholarships
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Berenice Jimenez

This course answers the most common questions about financial aid, and it reviews the difference between scholarships, grants, and loans.

X185: How to Survive College 101 Full!

Let's say you were the president of the biggest organization in high school. Or maybe you graduated as valedictorian. Perhaps the only word that could describe your high school year was "success". Actually, it doesn't matter because you will find that college is a lot different than high school and that your success in high school might not apply to college.

Most of the decisions that you will make during your first year in college will most likely define how your college experience will be. The independence to make your own choices and the numerous critical decisions that will define your future might be nerve-wracking to some students.

But don't worry, in this class, we will go over some useful tips on how you can make the most out of your college experience, along with some insights from upperclassmen that have already gone through most of their college career.

X208: How to Hack Studying
Difficulty: *

This course will go into depth about various ways to approach studying in order to optimize both your dedicated study time and free time! Some techniques include the Pomodoro method, the Feynman technique, and more!

X215: Puzzles!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Benjamin Cosman

Learn to solve (and maybe write) puzzles like these: primepuzzles.wordpress.com

X203: Coffee 101
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Godwin Pang

This course will cover the process of how coffee makes its way from the seed of the coffee plant to the dark nuggets of caffeine we all know and love. Different methods of preparing coffee will also be introduced.

X186: Teaching Confidence: From Interviews to Presentations Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Hayley Hirsh

Class Description:
Have you ever sat through a presentation and basked in the glow of the presenters confidence? Do you want to learn how to be great at presentations, interviews, and speeches? Learn how to be confident, or at least give off the impression of confidence (which can be just as important). Join me for a class about faking it till you make it.
Things that could happen to you after you take this class:
-You will rock an interview super hard
-You will win an election cause wow that was an amazing speech
-You will give a presentation that makes people think you know exactly what you are talking about
-People will start following you because they see you as a leader

X197: Applying to College: A Timeline and Tips
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Berenice Jimenez

This course reviews a timeline of when you should apply to college, what materials you need to prepare, and tips to improve your application. The class is geared for students in grades 9-11. Remember, applications open August 2018 for those starting college in Fall of 2019.